Used by large and small companies alike, a progress bar lets users know where they are in the process of completing a specific action, such as filling out a form or making a purchase.
What is the purpose of a progress bar?
A progress bar is a graphical control element used to visualize the progression of an extended computer operation, such as a download, file transfer, or installation. Sometimes, the graphic is accompanied by a textual representation of the progress in a percent format.
Why progress bars can make you feel better?
Rather than offering an accurate representation of work being done, they are more often than not simply there to give the impression that something is happening behind the scenes. They provide us with a sense that we are not waiting in vain for something to happen.
Do progress bars work?
If a task takes less than 5 seconds to complete, the addition of a progress bar will actually increase the perception of the length of the task. For tasks longer than 5 seconds the inverse is true. By implementing a visual illusion of a left moving ripple you can improve the perceived waiting time by as much as 10%.
Where is progress bar used?
If a process takes longer than 4 seconds to load, you should use a progress bar. Users are more willing to tolerate a long wait time if they see a progress bar. A progress bar sets a clear expectation of the load time. The linear visual cue allows them to see progress, which encourages them to wait.
What is progress bar discuss on any five properties and method in progress bar?
The main properties of a progress bar are Value, Maximum and Minimum. The Minimum and Maximum properties are used to set the minimum and maximum values that the progress bar can display. The Value property specifies the current position of the progress bar.
Are progress bars accurate?
You Cannot Accurately Determine Something that is Nondeterministic. Ultimately, the progress bar inaccuracy boils down to the fact that it is trying to determine a time for something that is nondeterministic.
How do you use progress bars?
To add a progress bar to a layout (xml) file, you can use the <ProgressBar> element. By default, a progress bar is a spinning wheel (an indeterminate indicator). To change to a horizontal progress bar, apply the progress bar’s horizontal style.
What are the different types of progress bars?
Progress bar supports two modes to represent progress: determinate, and indeterminate.
How do you make a progress bar?
- Create HTML structure for your progress bar: The code below contains two “div” tag elements named “Progress_Status” and “myprogressbar”.
- Adding CSS:
Which bar displays the progress bar?
Modeless determinate progress bars These progress bars can be displayed in context or on a status bar.
Is a progress bar a graph?
Progress Bars are simple graphics that can be quite visually powerful by instantly providing detail to your audience on how close your team might be to completing a goal or task. Currently, there is no “Progress Bar” chart type in Excel, so we as users have to use a little creativity to build one.
How is progress bar implemented in Java?
How to Use Progress Monitors
- Click the Launch button to run the ProgressMonitor Demo using Java™ Web Start (download JDK 7 or later). Alternatively, to compile and run the example yourself, consult the example index.
- Push the Start button.
- Click the OK button.
- Start another task.
What is progress bar in Java?
A progress bar is a widget that displays progress of a lengthy task, for instance file download or transfer. To create a progress bar in swing you use the JProgressbar class. With JProgressBar you can either create vertical or horizontal progress bar.
What is progress bar in Android?
In android, ProgressBar is a user interface control that is used to indicate the progress of an operation. For example, downloading a file, uploading a file. android:attr/progressBarStyleHorizontal”.
10 inspiring progress bars that delight users
Progress bars set expectations, give an impression of activity and can calm users. Here are 10 that do it right
Good design has the ability to transform the ordinary into the extraordinary. When it comes to putting a modest amount of joy into an apparently plain experience, UX designers are no different than the rest of us.
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Even the obtuse progress bar hasn’t spared the wrath of the internet. Although progress bars are not the most fascinating thing in the world, they are really effective, especially in a wireframe. When you’re downloading anything, viewing a movie, or listening to a music, they’re the images that appear on the screen while it’s loading. A progress bar displays you how far you’ve come and how much farther you have to travel in order to complete your task. Progress bars are an excellent tool for calming your consumers’ nerves.
- They serve as a means of interacting with the user while also being upfront with the process.
- This type of relevant feedback allows the user to determine whether or not the interaction was effective.
- The following are 10 different types of progress bars that we wouldn’t mind seeing when we have a little waiting time on our hands.
- By the way, if you’re interested, you can read our post on how to prototype progress bars for more information.
1. Progress bar by Krishanpal Singh
This progress bar byKrishanpal Singhmakes use of peaceful gradients and whimsical graphics to create a relaxing atmosphere. What’s fantastic about this small progress indicator is the content that says “anticipated arrival,” which reassures users and sets expectations for them. Despite this, the “78 percent” appears to be redundant. What is the best way to put that into context? What exactly does “78 percent of the way there” mean in this context? A more appropriate option may be the number of miles left on the voyage.
2. Progress saving by Kevin Jones
Kevin Jones created this progress indicator for storing your work, which is presumably to the cloud. This might be used as a menu bar icon for a cloud-based service, for example. It’s a non-offensive and adorable design that properly depicts the argument being made.
3. Loading Astronauts by Supi
The usage of illustrations in a user interface can help to increase engagement and give visual appeal to the interface. A progress bar is a wonderful spot to include a relevant animation, especially because it outperforms a regular progress bar in terms of effectiveness. This one, created by Supi, is animated, with the astronaut running over the moon as it rotates on its axis. The color scheme is consistent and does not strain the viewer’s eyes.
We’d be delighted if this one came to fruition. Sometimes a progress bar may feel like a marathon, and Jared Gase was able to convey that feeling wonderfully in his illustration. It’s straightforward, and the metaphor is effective.
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This progress bar by Think Studioworks is similar to the last one and is intended for those who like to run. The shoe signifies the distance traveled and the finish line. which is so near! Using this design in a fitness or exercise application would be fantastic.
7. Sign up page progress steps by Pal Blanke
Another progress indicator that raises the stakes and raises expectations. Good! Pal Blanke’s three-step page progress phases make it clear where you are in the process and how far you still have to go before you can submit the form to be considered complete.
8. Snail progress bar by Andrey Davlikanov
It’s exciting, bright, and unique to see the progress bar created by Andrei Davlikanov. But, let’s be honest, this isn’t possible. After all, no one likes it when their progress bar moves at a snail’s speed, do they? It’s a shame about the metaphor, because the design is excellent.
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If you’re an online buyer who wants to know when their package will arrive, Amazon’s tracking bar is a great tool to have. In the event that you were not there, this progress bar will inform you whether or not a delivery attempt was made. It also tells you when you may anticipate your delivery to arrive. A timeline like this is useful in ecommerce since users want to know when their items have been despatched and when they will be delivered to them. This progress bar by C.H.C. is one of our favorites.
It’s just lovely.
10. Spotify song progress bar ft. Stranger Things
Stranger Things is one of my favorite shows. This Easter Egg, which was discovered on Spotify, is fantastic. While your music is playing, it converts the user interface into The Upside Down, and a light beam glides slowly across the screen. Be on the lookout for the Demogorgon! There is only one disadvantage to this progress bar in that it is no longer available. Do not let this deter you from gaining some wonderful inspiration from the design, on the contrary.
10 inspiring progress bars that delight – the takeaway
A progress bar provides you with a chance to make your users’ waiting time a bit more exciting than it would otherwise be. One of the things that a progress bar may accomplish is make impatient users pleased while also increasing engagement and setting expectations. If a progress indicator indicates that it will be some time before the task is completed, this might serve as a cue for someone to get up and prepare themselves a hot drink while they wait. Create your own progress bars using the examples provided in this article.
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She is the in-house SEO manager, a usability fanatic, and the patron saint of all sleep-deprived designers, Rebeka Costa.
The UI/UX Design of Progress Indicator [Trends + Examples]
The ability to see the current condition of a system is one of the most fundamental rules of UI/UX design. Clearly, the purpose of this guideline is to reduce user stress, and in order to do so, you should offer feedback to the user about what is occurring with the app in a fair length of time. Don’t leave the users in the dark about what’s going on; instead, inform them.
A progress indicator is one of the most popular types of feedback, and it is used in a variety of situations. In this post, we’ll provide you with an overview of the most common types of progress indicators, as well as examples of how they might be used.
Good Interaction Design Provides Feedback
While having an app that responds instantly is the best, there are situations when your app will not be able to keep up with the criteria for responsiveness. Slow loading times and latency difficulties are the most common causes of delays in web pages. As a result, you must reassure the users that the application is actively working on their request and that meaningful progress is being made. Feedback, in its most basic form, provides responses to queries in three categories:
- Situation at the moment: what’s going on
- Results: What has just happened
- What will happen next
- What will happen in the future
What is a Good Progress Indicator?
Good progress indicators always provide some form of instant feedback. (See also:.) They alert users when the program need additional time to complete a user activity and provide an estimate of how long it will take (roughly). They have two major advantages: first, they are inexpensive.
- Reduce the user’s doubt (the app ensures the user that it is functioning properly)
- Provide people with a cause to wait while simultaneously decreasing their impression of time (the app provides the user with something to look at while waiting). As a result, people are less attentive to the actual waiting process)
The wait time for a user begins the instant she presses the button on her computer (initiates an action). As soon as the request is received, the system should provide some visible response to indicate that it has received the request. A progress indicator should be used for any action that will take longer than about one second. An animation should not be used for anything that loads in less than one second since it is distracting.
Types of Progress Indicators
There are two types of progress indicators: determinate and indeterminate.
- Until indications are predictable, they provide an estimate of how long an activity will take when the % complete is discernible.
- When signs are ambiguous, they suggest that the user wait while something is completed even when it is not required to specify how long it will take
Also possible are hybrids of these two sorts of signs in a given situation. Materialdoc is the source of this image.
These two sorts of indicators may be used in conjunction with one another. Materialdoc is the source of the image.
Default loading icons (such as the iOS spinner of gray lines spreading from a central point) carry a negative connotation since they are used so frequently. They are used for a range of operating system purposes, including showing the status of anything from device boot to troubles connecting to a network or loading a piece of information. As a result, many dislike seeing merely a spinning loading indicator with no indication of progress or time. Appnce is the source of the image.
Looped Animation Integration
You may incorporate looping animation with existing controls, particularly buttons, to create a seamless experience. If you are developing an Android application, a circular loader and a floating action button can be combined. Material Design is the source of this image. This is a situation where the thinking process is to validate that the submission was complete rather than to track the progress. The circle has been completed, which demonstrates this point.
System or Custom Looped Animation
The looping animation in Facebook’s app makes for a highly fascinating user experience. In his discussion of a Facebook loading indication, Rusty Mitchell noted that when users were presented with a custom loading animation in the Facebook iOS app (on the left), they blamed the program for delaying their experience: However, when consumers were shown the iOS system spinner (on the right), they were more inclined to blame the system itself.
Any linear progress indicator should always fill from 0 percent to 100% and should never show any signs of decreasing value.
When numerous operations are taking place in succession, you should use the indicator to indicate the progress of the entire sequence rather than the progress of each individual operation. Linear Animation is a type of animation that follows a straight line. Source:Dribbble
Waiting times that are uncertain are longer than waiting times that are known and finite. The most informative sort of wait-animation feedback is the progress indicator that shows the percentage of work completed. They display the present state of the project, how much has been completed so far, and how much work remains. User’s may tell how quickly an action is being handled by looking at the % completed indication. Percent-done animation should be used for activities that take longer than 10 seconds, as a general rule.
Provide a General Time Estimate
Make no attempt to be precise; a simple statement such as “This may take a minute” might be sufficient to notify the user and urge them to wait it out. Estimation of software updates in Apple’s iOS
While progress bars provide users with an estimate of how long an activity will take, they are not always accurate. Small delays in your progress bar can be concealed by starting the progressive animation slowly and allowing it to move quicker as it gets closer to the conclusion. The progress bar should never be stopped because else users would believe that the app has frozen. Image courtesy of tympanus
Instead of giving a percentage, it could be better to indicate the number of steps completed. Users may not be aware of how long each step will take, but knowing the number of steps at least allows them to make an educated guess. You can use the standard step-by-step method, which is as follows: Alternatively, use a more imaginative approach: Image courtesy of Dribbble
If you are unable to reduce the queue, you should always attempt to make the wait more enjoyable. And there is a proper moment to wait. screens with skeletons (a.k.a temporary information containers). Skeleton displays are another method of concentrating on progress rather than waiting times. Skeleton screens are fundamentally empty versions of web pages onto which more content can be added over time when the page is loaded. As information is progressively presented on the screen, this motion produces the illusion that things are happening immediately, as if they are.
With such a screen, the emphasis is on the material that is being loaded rather than the fact that it is being loaded.
Image courtesy of link
Don’t Use Static Progress Indicator
” Loading. ” or ” Please wait. ” are examples of signs indicating the request has been received and are represented by non-moving images or text. However, while some input is preferable than none, static indicators do not provide sufficient information about what is happening and should be replaced with a more useful sort of indication to improve the user experience. It is best not to use static progress indicators.
One Last Thing
Provide some form of distraction to keep folks from becoming bored while they are waiting for anything to happen. Anything that keeps your consumers’ attention long enough to allow your program to load may be used as a hook.
It might be something enjoyable, something surprising, or anything else. Fine animations might divert your visitors’ attention away from high loading times and make them forget about them. Image courtesy of Ramotion
A pleasant user experience is fundamentally dependent on providing users with feedback and/or sending them notifications. Feedback can help people feel less apprehensive and improve the amount of time they are willing to wait.
A bonus tip to improve user interactions
Despite the fact that people are expecting feedback from you, they are also eager to express their thoughts about your product. By including an intelligent feedback tool into your website in order to engage consumers and gather micro-feedback, you can better identify usability friction, enhance UI/UX, and ultimately increase user satisfaction with your product. Usersnap’s feedback widget may be tried out for free right here. In this ebook, How To Build Products Users Love, you’ll learn what the vice president of product at Trello and the head of product at Typeform have to say about user experience and product design.
Kera’s Onboarding & UX Blog
20th of March, 2013 Taige Zhang is a Chinese actress and model. Recently, Google included a progress bar for their coveted social networking site Google Plus, which was launched earlier this month. It drew the attention of the group. We believe in the power of progress bars and were pleasantly delighted to learn that Google had adopted this strategy as well. Placement? The completion meter (which is a form of progress bar) is located in the lower right-hand corner of the screen. This location is ideal since it contains information that is not absolutely necessary, but is significant enough that your users will notice it (and ideally take action on it).
- Usability.gov,DirectCreative?andNichcy.org It’s called the Completion Meter.
- It displays the proportion of the profile that has been finished.
- In this instance, it is the addition of a school.?
- This is a fantastic feature since, as a user, if I absolutely don’t want to add a school, I’ll be stuck with that decision for the rest of my life.
- Because of space restrictions, they are not displayed unless the arrows are clicked.
- The progress bar will be permanently deleted from your profile if you click on the X.
- The fact that firms like Box and Google enable users to remove the progress bar (and make it tough to erase) but companies like OKCupid and LinkedIn keep the progress bar on indefinitely is fascinating.
However, users want to learn about new features and make the most of the program, which is why developers provide the option to disable progress bars.
The ability to get back on track should surely be available.
This makes sense because, after you’ve boarded the ship, there’s no reason to send you on missions any more.
Missions are being added.
There are certain games that offer a notification center that might be completely empty, yet you will see a badge every time a new assignment becomes available.
Missions, for example.
New missions should not be shown with a progress bar since doing so would imply that the user’s progress has been taken away.
Liu of the MIT Media Lab and hunch.com, “Progress bars must always move forward, and never backward.” The fact that LinkedIn switched from a completion meter to a profile strength badge may have been motivated by the necessity to add tasks without having to reverse progress.
It’s possible that it’s a combination of factors, but my suspicion is that LinkedIn wants to add new tasks.
After accepting a task, in this example, adding a school, you’ll be presented with a modal that will assist you in completing your profile.
This is the usual edit profile page, which is not the page you were taken to.
You’re in the process of completing out paperwork.
Google would love nothing more than for you to finish all of that.
Google throws it at you like a game of Tetris.
Has the number of persons with comprehensive profiles increased as a result of their efforts?
Were they able to acquire it sooner?
In the meanwhile, I’ve contacted them and am waiting to hear back.
Although this is not an onboarding resource, it is worth reading if you are interested in product and user experience design.
More onboarding and user experience news may be found by subscribing to our blog and following us on Twitter. Please keep in mind that this section will be updated if I receive any comment on Google’s findings. Taige Zhang (email: [email protected]) contributed to this article.
Progress Indicators Make a Slow System Less Insufferable
Visibility of system status, which was one of the first ten criteria for online usability, continues to be one of the most essential and generally applicable ideas in user-interface design today. Within an acceptable length of time, the purpose is to offer the user with feedback on what is occurring with the system or interface. This is done in order to bridge the gulf of evaluation that exists between the user and the system, as defined by Norman’s interaction theory. The await-animation progress indicator, which appears on websites and apps, is one of the most frequent types of system feedback.
Throughout this post, we’ll go through the many sorts of progress indicators and give tips on when to utilize particular form of indicator.
The Power of Feedback: Make Users Feel You’re Listening
The interface informs users that the system has comprehended their input and that progress is being made by providing relevant feedback in response to their actions through the use of prompts. Although it is not a novel notion, it is worth repeating in order to improve the user experience. Unfortunately, many websites and other computer systems adopt the opposite approach and do not provide any feedback until they have completed processing the user’s input and are ready to display the final result.
- A user-hostile design has resulted in a significant number of unnecessary clicks and duplicate orders.
- In these situations, you just must convince the user that the computer is not taking a break but is instead working diligently to fulfill their request.
- Unless otherwise specified, the user will go out to lunch.
- Here’s how it went: Assuming that the wait would be excruciating, I cleared my afternoon schedule, put on my headphones, and prepared to stay on hold for an extended period of time.
- While the music playing on hold was not exactly my cup of tea, it served as a form of feedback, informing me that I was still on the line and that my call had not been dropped. The next form of feedback came in the form of a recorded message informing me that all agents were busy, as I had anticipated. More importantly, I was diverted from the real waiting process at the times when I was laughing over the music. Afterwards, the recorded message advised me that the wait time was expected to be between 15-20 minutes. That piece of information relieved me of uncertainty and gave me the ability to choose how I wanted to spend my next 15 minutes. I was surprised and relieved when the DMV recording eventually offered me the option of submitting my phone number so that DMV might contact me back when an operator became available, with the guarantee that I would retain my position in line. I was entirely liberated from having to carry around my phone or keep an eye on the clock now that I knew about how long I would have to wait
- I was able to completely focus on other things.
Even putting aside the jokes and complaints about the cheesy hold music, the reality is that, because to the several instances of feedback, I felt considerably more at peace while waiting to be connected with the DMV. And, in the end, I was impressed with their level of service. These minor design tweaks to their on-hold system must have been far less expensive than the cost of hiring twice as many contact center workers. And even if there were additional employees, they would not be able to handle the worst peak demand.
Progress indicators inform users (a) that the system need further time to perform the most recent user activity (for example, to load a file or install a new update), and (b) how much time is left in the current session, if any. They provide the following four major advantages:
- Users are relieved of their uncertainty as a result of their assurance that the system is functioning properly. As an example, hearing that all agents were active was more comforting than hearing nothing at all
- They provide the user with something to look at while waiting, which makes the waiting period more bearable. In the DMV example, the on-hold music served this function
- They provide a reason to wait for the system to finish— merely because something appears to be occurring. I was aware that the DMV would require around 15 minutes to accept my call, so I was prepared to wait for the allotted time. They can lower users’ impression of time because users concentrate some cognitive resources to the feedback itself and pay less attention to the wait itself. While I was listening to and thinking about the DMV’s music, I completely forgot about how horrible the wait had been.
Website studies have revealed that, similar to the on-hold music and accompanying messaging on the DMV’s phone line, the usage of graphical progress indicators can help to reduce the negative impacts of waiting and keep the user’s interest on your website for longer periods of time. In one study, done at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln, researchers sought to know how long individuals would be willing to wait for a webpage to download before they would abandon their browser. Participants were divided into two groups after clicking a link and waiting for the website to load.
The researchers discovered that those who were shown a moving feedback bar reported higher levels of satisfaction and were ready to wait on average three times longer than those who were not shown any progress indications during the experiment.
Wait-Animation Progress Indicators
Despite the fact that internet connection speeds are increasing year after year, poor website response times are still a reality. They are an annoyance for users, increasing the risk that they may quit the work or the website completely if they encounter them. The willingness of a user to wait for a system to perform an action is determined by a variety of factors, including:
- When it comes to the aim or work at hand, the urgency and intricacy are critical considerations. The setting in which the device is being used, for as when waiting in line on a mobile phone or while rushing to upload a critical project
- Predictions about what users will do based on their previous experience with the website or comparable procedures
We can’t anticipate or control what will happen in the future, but we can raise the possibility that a user will stay and wait for the content to load by following the rules listed below:
Always give some type of immediate feedback.
The wait time for a user begins the instant she performs an action, whether it is by tapping on the screen, clicking on a mouse button, pushing a key, or giving a command into a voice recorder. As soon as the request is received, the system should provide some visible response to indicate that it has received the request. For example, a button’s status may change to “pressed” when clicked, or the page may begin to refresh when not pressed. The majority of users will think that the activity was not registered because there is no visible change from the system and will attempt again.
Use a progress indicator for any action that takes longer than about 1.0 second.
When consumers’ attention begins to wander after a few seconds of seeing your site, they are more likely to leave. Generally speaking, there are two sorts of progress indicators: looping animations and percent-complete indications. The one you pick is mostly determined by how long you anticipate the procedure to take.
1. Looped animation: Use only for fast actions.
It is possible to provide indication that the system is operating by displaying an animated image on loop, but this does not provide any information about how long the user will have to wait. Among the frequent progress indicators is the animated-spinner icon, which can be seen on many websites. For example, United.com (on the left), Evernote (in the middle), and Facebook (on the right) all use looped-animation progress indicators, which often take the shape of circular spinners or looped progress bars (right).
It is distracting to use a looping animation for anything that takes less than one second to load since consumers are unable to keep track of what is happening and may become concerned about whatever is flashing on the screen.
However, we do not advocate using looping animation for tasks that take more than 10 seconds since users rapidly become frustrated if they believe they are not making any progress on the task at hand.
If users are patient for a long period of time, they may wind up waiting indefinitely, as happened to one user during a testing session who patiently waited for a magazine issue to begin loading only to realize at the conclusion of the session that the app had become stuck and required re-starting.
One word of warning, however: spinning gears can be hazardous to data that is loaded from a server, simply because the quality of the connection is typically out of the developer’s control.
Although it should only take 2 seconds for your data to load, if you are in an unfavorable situation, it might take up to 15 seconds.
2. Percent-done animation: Use for actions that take 10 seconds or more.
The most informative sort of wait-animation feedback is the progress indicator that shows the percentage of work completed. They display the present state of the project, how much has been completed so far, and how much work remains. They provide critical information regarding the length of time (roughly) that will be required to wait. This information provides users with control (in the sense that they may choose whether or not to wait); it reduces ambiguity about the length of the process; and it may lower the perceived wait time for the process to complete.
- Expensify.com (on the left) and WeTransfer.com (on the right) are two websites that have animated progress indicators that show the percentage of work completed (right).
- In general, percent-done progress indicators should be used for lengthier procedures that take more than 10 seconds to complete.
- For actions that take less than 10 seconds to complete, a percent-done indication may be used if the activity includes processing a sequence of documents or registries, because the user understands that the system is dealing with a limited number of records.
- Otherwise, your design may be preventing the user from taking control of the system and leaving them impotent.
- Users will notice and be less satisfied if the progress goes swiftly just to stall at the final % left.
- One challenge that designers and developers encounter when utilizing percent-done animation is the difficulty in estimating how long the process will take to complete.
- The most informative sort of wait-animation feedback is the percentage-complete progress indicator. You can see how far you’ve come and how much work still has to be done by looking at the graphs. In addition, they provide critical information regarding how long the wait time will be (roughly). This information provides users with control (in the sense that they may choose whether or not to wait)
- It reduces ambiguity about the length of the process
- And it may lower the perceived wait time for the procedure. This form of feedback is represented by progress bars or circles that fill from 0-100 percent. Expensify.com (on the left) and WeTransfer.com (on the right) are two websites that use animated progress indicators to show how much work is done (right). As addition as textual descriptions of the procedure, both instances provide dynamic visual cues to demonstrate progress. For lengthier operations that take more than 10 seconds, percent-done progress indicators should be utilized, in general. It puts the user at rest and boosts their willingness to wait when there is a visual signal that moves towards completion. For actions that take less than 10 seconds to complete, a percent-done indication may be used if the activity includes processing a series of documents or registries, because the user understands that the system is only dealing with a limited number of records. As with the looped-animation indications, offer a written description of the process, such as “Updating address 3 of 50,” to help users understand what is happening. Whenever possible, provide consumers the choice to cancel a procedure that would take a short period of time if they feel they cannot wait. Other than that, it’s possible that your design is taking over control of the system and rendering the user impotent. Users build an expectation for how quickly the action is being handled when they see a percent-done sign. Users will notice and be less satisfied with changes in progress pace as a result of this. For example, if the progress goes swiftly only to stall at the final % remaining, the user will feel disappointed and the benefits of showing progress will be nullified. One challenge that designers and developers encounter when utilizing percent-done animation is the difficulty in estimating how long the process will take them. Consider the following approaches to dealing with the situation:
3. Static progress indicators: Don’t use them.
The use of a static progress indicator is a last method of providing feedback to users. When a request is received, a static picture or text such as “Loading.” or “Please wait while we process your request” is displayed to signify that the request has been successfully received. However, while any input is preferable than none, static indications should be replaced with another sort of indicator since they do not provide sufficient information about what is going on.
Users will not be aware that they need to restart an action if the system hangs or becomes stuck while doing it. Avoid utilizing static progress indicators, which do not provide adequate information about the current condition of the task you are performing.
4. Don’t-click-again warnings: Don’t use them.
The worst design may be found on websites that caution customers not to click twice by warning them that “clicking again may result in an additional order” (or funds transfer, or whatever is the object of the command). First and foremost, it is unquestionably a guideline for user-friendly design to avoid endangering the user. Second, this is a lost cause since people seldom read content with an excessive amount of words until it is too late to do so. The best technique to avoid extra clicks is to inform the user that the first click has been accepted and that further work is being done on it.
A Note About Kids, Games, and Progress Indicators
The interactive tools and games that we discovered while conducting our research on Children on the Web were particularly slow to load. While waiting for material to load, several websites have included video content or brief games for visitors to play in an attempt to make the experience more fun and engaging for them. Unfortunately, they proved to be more perplexing than useful, as youngsters were unable to distinguish between the actual game and the loading screen, and they were frequently perplexed as to why a (interim) game had to be abandoned in the middle of it (to start the real game).
- If an activity takes a long time to load, always show the percentage of the task completed on the screen, and make sure it is visible and prominent enough on the screen so that children notice it and understand that the system is working (kids, like adults, want to know how much time is left or if the system is stuck)
- Maintain visibility of the main progress indicator and ensure that any intermediate animations are not confused with the real game
- Users’ attention is most likely to be held for longer periods of time if the animations are simple and enjoyable, and the sense of waiting time is reduced if the animations are tied to the primary activity.
The ability to provide feedback is critical to ensuring a great user experience. It is possible for designers to lessen user confusion and enhance the amount of time they are prepared to wait if they are forthright and transparent about wait times. As a general rule, alooped indicators should be used for delays of 2–9 seconds and a percent-done indication should be used for delays of 10 seconds or longer. Nonetheless, because it is impossible to anticipate every delay in advance, you may wish to decrease the threshold between the two types of progress feedback such that a percent-done indication will be able to alleviate the great majority of response-time delays that end up taking more than 10 seconds.
Finally, effective progress indicators can encourage visitors to stay on your website or application to complete the job and, as a result, have a better positive opinion of your website or application.
A research on tolerated waiting time: how long are web users prepared to wait?, Behaviour and Information Technology, Vol.
Using Progress Bars in Online Forms
Progress indicators are a very effective tool for assisting your consumers through the form-filling process. They provide information, reassurance, and encouragement to users who are completing a lengthier online form that is divided into several parts. Apple’s checkout is shown in the image above. Apple, ever the contrarians, does not provide any form of progress meter throughout the checkout process. What is the total number of steps? Is it necessary for me to pay in full at the time of purchase, or would I be able to opt to finance my purchase?
Is it possible that I’m almost there?
When presented with a lengthy form, many users experience concern about how long it would take them to complete it.
Will I be able to finish it before I have to leave for work? Is it going to be a complete waste of my valuable time? There are a variety of techniques to indicate progress within a form, including progress bars and inline validation, both of which have significant advantages:
- Using progress indicators, you may guide your consumers through the process of completing their forms. In the course of filling out a lengthy online form with several steps, they enlighten, reassure, and encourage consumers. Apple’s check-out counter is seen above. According to Apple, who are known for being contrarians, there is no progress indicator in the checkout process. What is the total number of steps involved? Does it matter if I pay in full at the time of purchase, or will I have the option of financing it? Will returning to a prior stage allow me to change past information? Is it possible that I’m getting close? It is impossible to say what I am thinking about. When presented with a lengthy form, many users experience concern about how long it would take them to complete it. Progress bars can help to alleviate this anxiety. Are there any chances I’ll be able to finish it before I have to go for the night? What if it turns out to be a complete waste of my time? It is possible to indicate progress within a form in numerous ways, including progress bars and inline validation, both of which have significant advantages:
Need to understand whether progress bars will improve your form conversion? Get started with a Zuko Free Trial or Demo
Progress bars might show either within or outside of a form, depending on the situation. In general, there are three types: Using the % bar, you can see how far a user has advanced through the form in terms of percentage. Starting rapidly and ending slowly will lessen drop-off rates since satisfaction levels will soar high at the beginning. The general consensus is that the majority of the work has already been completed. Steps left bar– this option displays the number of steps that have been accomplished as well as the number of steps that are left.
- Although it is similar to the steps left approach, the fields do not need to be filled in a precise sequence on the checklist bar.
- All of these choices give feedback based on the activities of the users.
- As a result of this kind of informative and honest instruction, confusion is reduced, and the sense of speed, advancement, and success is created.
- The following is an excerpt from Taige Zhang’s blog, The Power of the Progress Bar: “If I had to choose one tool for onboarding a user, it would be the progress bar,” writes Zhang.
- It all comes down to psychological factors.
- In this case, points that take the form of the stages in a progress indicator are used to illustrate this.
- The technique makes use of a number of psychological phenomena, including:
1. We can feel stressed by incompleteness
Unfilled tasks – as well as an incomplete progress bar – might remain lodged in your customer’s mind for a long time. Concentrating on it and only being able to envisage it being completed might cause tension: when will I be able to finish it? Does it matter whether the information I’ve previously entered remains in the system? Is it possible for me to recall the password I used?
2. We all respond to operant conditioning
In order to overcome this tension, you must return to the form and complete it.
This is known as negative reinforcement in psychology. You’ve stopped the nagging voice, and now you can enjoy the benefits of positive reinforcement: the form has been completed, and a check mark has been placed on the to-do list.
3. We find completeness intrinsically rewarding
When we do anything, we innately feel good about ourselves, and this is supported by neurobiology. The following is taken from an article written by Dr Hugo Liu of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and hunch.com: “It turns out that when you complete a complex task, your brain releases massive quantities of endorphins.” Because of your “desire to complete,” you have a strong sense of accomplishment: you know that when you complete a job, your spirits will be raised. This information motivates you to continue your journey.
Another significant reason why progress bars are a good concept is that they help to create a user interface that is more open, transparent, and honest.
The presence of a progress bar is likely to have reduced your conversion rate since your form was too long to begin with.
In essence, you’re taking advantage of users’ previously incurred expenses.
For more design and UX tips, take a look at Zuko’s Big Guide to Form Optimization and Analytics.
Each of the different phases in your form has most likely been designed to ask for a particular sort of information at each level in the process (rather than including a random number of unordered questions on each). In this case, you would want to think about using some mix of numbered steps and section names for each. Here are some forms that contain simply section titles: Here’s one that’s just composed of numbers: Here’s an example of a selection with a combination: Which one should you go with?
It contributes to creating expectations for the trip ahead and preparing users for the information they may be required to submit at various points.
Order confirmation, bank account information, and my personal history?
For example, this form has one or two questions based on a sequence of mini-steps spread across five different sections: After starting, a user only realizes that there are a significant number of little stages to do, and the bigger section names are not an indicator of how many steps are left to complete.
This educates users for the type of information that will be requested of them, as well as providing an indicator of the number of steps that have been performed and those that are still ahead of them.
The ability to skip back to a previous step
Another advantage of progress bars is that they may allow a user to skip back to a prior stage in order to examine or edit information, as seen in the following example: The temptation to go back and revise and change information on earlier steps will be strong if your trip necessitates a large amount of sophisticated, specific information and an essential product or service is at stake. A progress bar enables them to quickly access information that has been previously input but is no longer displayed.
Occasionally, this will result in the form being erased, resetting the user to the beginning of the process.
Some progress bar examples:
British Airways is not a ‘bar’ in the traditional sense. Ocean Finance does not have any numbers! JD Williams is an American businessman and philanthropist. Argos does not have any phone numbers. ForexHalifax does not have any section names and does not have a bar. Money Supermarket by Santander Car Insurance Quotes are Available Online. There are no section titles in Go Compare – Home. Market comparisons are made without the use of numbers. Windows provide a vertically progressing environment.
Progress Trackers in UX Design
Image courtesy of Dribbble Making it quick and straightforward for consumers to go through a difficult procedure is critical to increasing conversion rates. Users can avoid frustration and successfully complete a task by following a simple, step-by-step procedure. In this post, we will discuss the numerous applications of progress trackers as well as how they might be put into action. When a sequence is broken down into many logical and numbered phases, progress trackers (also known as progress indicators) can be used to show progress through the process.
A good progress tracker should provide users with information on the following topics:
- Actions have a history. They have fulfilled what stages (or goals) they have set for themselves. The current state of affairs. What is the user’s present position with relation to the overall procedure
- What stages are still needed, and how many are there are
Progress Trackers are used to communicate progress through a series of numbered steps. The use of progress trackers helps to ensure that a clear route to completion is followed. According to research, providing consumers with a clear understanding of how many steps are required to reach the end destination can considerably minimize abandonment. According to psychological principles, this seems to make perfect sense. The likelihood of completing the procedure increases if you are aware of the number of stages that must be completed in the process.
Additionally, breaking up text into pieces makes scanning easier for users and can increase their capacity to grasp.
Progress trackers may be used in a range of different situations and situations. The following three regions are the most often encountered.
The most popular scenario in which progress trackers are used is in connection with online shopping, because this process may be organically divided into many parts.
Whenever a form involves a large amount of user input, it may be beneficial to break the form up into several parts.
Progress trackers are also used to assist users through the many features of apps and services, as well as to provide feedback. When there aren’t a lot of stages, you can use dots to represent them (like in Dropbox example below). Getting Started with Dropbox There is no one-size-fits-all answer to the problem of generating effective progress monitors. But one thing is certain: you should always consider how your users will interact with the system while designing it. In general, you should create process stages that are as straightforward and clear as possible in order to avoid confusing your consumers.
Setting Users Expectations
A user’s expectations should be managed up front when they are asked to complete a difficult task. They should be informed about how much time and effort would be required. If a user expects a process to take two minutes, but it really takes ten, the user will not have a favorable experience with the activity.
Establishing a Logical Flow
A sense of advancement should be felt by the consumer as they engage with your product.
- Demonstrate the movement’s direction. The use of arrows to indicate the direction is preferable because lines alone do not create much of a “flow.”
- When describing the steps in a process, use symbols in conjunction with words to aid with comprehension. It should be obvious to users what steps should be taken next.
- Make sure that the procedure does not take too long. Three to five steps will enough
- The steps are described using numbers, which also show where the user is in the process (for example, Step 3 of 5).
Keeping Users Informed of Their Location
“Where am I?” is one of the most essential questions that users must answer in order to travel properly. As a result, one of the most important aspects of effective progress tracker design is keeping the user informed about where they are in the process. It is easier to follow the logical development if the users are aware of where they are in respect to where they have been and what portions are to come next. You should provide a clear visual depiction of the progress being made. In order to answer this essential issue, users rely on visual signals provided by navigation components.
Avoid Nested Progress Trackers
Avoid utilizing steppers more than once on a single page or embedding progress trackers within progress trackers if at all possible. They have the potential to make a mess of your user interface. Material Design is credited for creating this image.
Showing Progress Feedback
After a step is logged, certain progress trackers may display a brief feedback message to the user. This feedback should only be utilized if there is a significant amount of lag between phases in the process. This progress indicator delivers a temporary feedback message once a step is saved.
Progress Trackers for Mobile Apps
Because horizontal space is typically restricted in mobile applications and websites, a vertical progress tracker may be an appropriate alternative. All that is required is that the contents of each stage are responsive. Vertical steppers are intended for use on screens with limited widths.
Good progress trackers not only encourage visitors to stay on the site or application until the work is completed, but they also help to generate a more positive impression of your site or application. Thank you very much! Follow UX Planet on social media: Twitter|Facebook
The Power of Progress (Bar)
THE TIME HAS COME. Time is of the essence. We don’t want to be kept waiting. When we are forced to wait, whether it is at a bus stop, on hold on the phone, or in a line at the newsagents, we become irritable. Instead, we may be someplace else, going about our daily routines. And when technology doesn’t work right immediately, we get quite impatient. According to recent study, latency or slow technology may be extremely costly to a company’s bottom line. When it comes to smartphones, a one-second delay in page load times results in 11 percent fewer page views, a 16 percent fall in customer satisfaction, and a 7 percent decrease in conversions.
Not only do we want the website or app to function immediately, but we also expect to be able to do the tasks we need to complete fast, or at the very least to have a general notion of how long it will take to complete them.
We have to make educated guesses when we don’t know how long something will take.
What can we do to relieve this stress?
This is exactly what I encountered recently while attempting to contact Edinburgh City Council’s Tax Support department.
8 in the queue.” In that instance, I had all of the knowledge I needed to make an informed decision.
The only thing that gave me any indication as to whether or not the bus had arrived was the presence of two other perplexed individuals standing nearby.
Particularly noteworthy are the real-time tracking screens at bus stations.
-Online- When we go online to do a task, it is critical that we have a clear understanding of what that work entails and how long it is likely to take.
In particular, progress bars are beneficial when a user is engaged in a goal-directed behavior, such as filling out a form or working through a check-out process.
THE POWER OF PROGRESS Manifesting progress also relates to a person’s need for resolution.
We also have a strong desire to see those objectives through to completion.
In general, when a system provides users with continuous feedback on their progress towards attaining a goal, the experience is significantly more rewarding.