Why The Homepage Is Dying (and What To Do Instead)? (The answer is found)

What happens when you support someone who is dying?

  • When you support someone who is dying, you are allowed into the most secret, sacred spots in people’s lives.” For some people, a diagnosis of terminal illness can come as a relief. That was the case for 74 year-old Elizabeth Wang, a Catholic artist and writer from Harpenden in Hertfordshire.

What should I put on my homepage?

There are four essential pieces of information you should have on your homepage: value proposition, differentiation, proof, and calls to action. Though the role of the homepage has changed, chances are it’s still the most highly trafficked and most important page on your website.

Do you need a homepage?

We still need a homepage. It’s just becoming less important. Homepages are a great way to showcase your business and brand, but that doesn’t mean we should rely on them. You need other content besides your homepage, and it shouldn’t store everything about your brand.

What is the point of a homepage?

The purpose of the homepage is not to be a library of text and content, but rather, to serve as a teaser and trustworthy guide towards the pages that have the necessary information. A homepage isn’t a library. It’s a guide towards pages that contain necessary information.

Are websites dying out?

It is estimated that 1.8 billion websites are in existence today, up from about 700 million in 2012. The number of active websites fluctuates, and most are inactive at any given time, but in big, round percentages, that’s more than a 250% increase since the death watch began.

What is the alternative name of homepage?

A home page (or homepage) is the main web page of a website. The term also refers to one or more pages always shown in a web browser when the application starts up. In this case, it is also known as the start page.

How long should your homepage be?

Internet marketing expert Neil Patel’s survey has shown that most top-ranking pages have over 2,000 words! And that’s not just some anomaly either, due to some methodological balls-up. Blogging platform Medium similarly found that a 7-minute read— about 1,600 words —is the optimal word length.

Is landing page a homepage?

What’s the Difference Between a Landing Page and a Homepage? Landing page traffic comes from ads — Homepage traffic comes from many sources. Landing pages are separate from a business’ website — Homepages are the front page of a business’ website. Landing pages have a single goal — Homepages promote website browsing.

How do you create a homepage?

10 Tips to Write a Powerful Home Page

  1. Keep it concise.
  2. Use keywords.
  3. Write copy from the visitor’s perspective.
  4. Provide specifics, focusing on benefits.
  5. Simplify navigation.
  6. Personalize your approach.
  7. Use headlines and subheads.
  8. Sound enthusiastic but don’t go overboard.

What is the difference between a homepage and about us page?

Your homepage has lots of info, lots of sources and lots of links. The purpose of a company site is to provide plenty of information and resources to potential customers. A landing page has a specific message, relevant content and is tightly focused.

Why do we need to create a website?

One of the main reasons you should have a website for your business is to increase your organization’s credibility. Without a website, people may question your legitimacy as a business. Having a website is an opportunity to make a great first impression and give people comfort that you’re a real business.

How many dead websites are there?

More than 1.5 billion websites on the internet are inactive. The US represents only 8.2% of the world’s online population. There are 56.5 billion web pages indexed through Google.

What websites are dead?

5 Famous Websites That Died (And Their Best Alternatives Today)

  • ChaCha. Founded: 2006 | Defunct: 2016.
  • Grooveshark. Founded: 2006 | Defunct: 2015.
  • Megaupload. Founded: 2005 | Defunct: 2012.
  • Orkut. Founded: 2004 | Defunct: 2014.
  • Heat.net. Founded: 1997 | Defunct: 2000.

What can I use the Dark Web for?

The Dark Web may be used by people wishing to carry out illegal activities online, such as selling weapons or drugs. These kinds of operations, and the websites offering them, are often referred to as Hidden Services (above).

At the end – dying explained

This page was created in conjunction with and with the approval of the following individuals:

Content disclaimer

The material included on this website is given solely for informational reasons. Information regarding a therapy, service, product, or treatment is not intended to be an endorsement or support of that therapy, service, product, or treatment, nor is it intended to be a substitute for advice from your doctor or other qualified health professional. Although the information and resources featured on this website are extensive in nature, they do not purport to be a full guide to the therapy, product, or treatment discussed on the website.

The State of Victoria and the Department of Health accept no responsibility for any actions taken as a result of a user’s reliance on the content published on this website.

How can cancer kill you?

A lot of people are curious about how cancer may take someone’s life. It’s something that most individuals are concerned about at some time in their lives. We understand that discussing this subject might be tough. You may bookmark this material to read it later when you have more time on your hands. And it’s quite acceptable if you don’t want to read any of this material.

Not all cancers cause death

First and foremost, it’s crucial to note that not all cancers are fatal. Overall, half of cancer patients in England and Wales (50 percent) live for ten years or more after being diagnosed with the disease. Cancer survival is increasing in the United Kingdom, where it has more than quadrupled in the previous 40 years. The majority of the time, cancer that is detected early does not result in death. Because of this, much effort is invested towards early diagnosis, when therapy is most likely to be effective.

What happens?

The manner in which cancer causes death is dependent on the type of cancer and the sections of the body that are afflicted. Some cancers begin in or spread to a portion of the body that performs a vital function for the survival of the individual.

Digestive system

The digestive system is referred to as the gastrointestinal (GI) system in some circles. It consists of the following:

  • Oesophageal tube
  • Stomach
  • Pancreas
  • Liver
  • Small and big bowels
  • And intestines.

A malignancy that develops in the digestive tract has the potential to completely or partially obstruct it. As a result, food cannot pass through the intestine, and the minerals and calories that you require cannot be assimilated. It is possible that you will be able to have surgery to eliminate the obstruction. However, if this is not feasible, your medical team will do everything they can to keep your symptoms under control. The inability to consume food and drink makes you less equipped to deal with other difficulties, such as illness.

Lungs

A cancerous tumor may completely obstruct a portion of the lung. As a result, this section collapses and may become contaminated with bacteria. When cancer has spread to the lungs, there may not be enough healthy lung tissue left to allow you to absorb the oxygen you require in the long run.

If you have advanced cancer, you may not have the strength to fight off a lung infection, even if you are given powerful medicines to help you. As a result, the infection may finally result in death.

Bones

Calcium can be released into the bloodstream if a person has bone cancer, which is rare. This has the potential to disrupt the calcium balance in the body. Normally, the body has processes in place to remedy this imbalance, but when the imbalance becomes too severe, the systems become ineffective. There are treatments available to restore calcium levels to normal, but they are only effective for a short period of time. The calcium levels in the blood might then continue to rise as a result of this.

Cancer cells have the potential to harm the bone marrow.

It generates extremely early cells known as stem cells, which later mature into new blood cells as the process continues.

  • Red blood cells transport oxygen throughout your body
  • White blood cells fight infection
  • And platelets stop bleeding
  • All of these functions are performed by red blood cells.

Liver

The liver serves as the body’s chemical manufacturing facility. It performs a wide range of functions and is critical in the maintenance of the body’s chemical equilibrium. A malignancy that has progressed to the liver has the potential to disrupt this chemical equilibrium. This chemical imbalance might be life threatening if it is not rectified in time.

Blood vessels

Cancers can invade and damage blood arteries in the brain, which is a critical portion of the body. This has the potential to induce bleeding. A stroke, for example, is a type of bleeding in the brain that may be deadly if the body is unable to manage it.

Treatment

Many cancer therapies can keep cancer under control for an extended period of time, even if they are unable to cure it. However, if a cancerous tumor continues to develop, it may become too big for the body to handle.

Talking about dying

Speaking about death may be tough, and many individuals choose to avoid the issue altogether. Sharing your feelings might make it easier for everyone concerned to deal with the situation. Most people have some level of anxiety about dying at some time in their lives. Talking about your cancer and how it is impacting your body might help to alleviate at least some of your concerns. Everything that transpires in the final days of life is unique to each individual. Many individuals are pleased to learn that they, or a loved one, would most likely go unconscious soon before they succumb to their injuries.

What if we knew when and how we’d die?

What if we knew exactly when and how we were going to die? (Image courtesy of Getty Images) ) Even a 42.8 millisecond flash of the word “death” on the screen of a computer is enough to cause us to behave differently – and not necessarily in the best interests of the individual. You and everyone you’ve ever known will perish at some point in time. Psychologists believe that this painful fact always lurks in the background of our brains and ultimately motivates everything we do, from choosing to attend church and eat veggies and go to the gym to having children, writing novels, and starting businesses.

According to Chris Feudtner, a physician and ethicist at the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia and the University of Pennsylvania, “most of the time, we go about our days unconscious, without thinking about our mortality.” “We cope by concentrating our attention on the things that are more directly in front of us.” What would happen, on the other hand, if the uncertainty around our own death were removed?

What if we were all informed at the same time of the precise date and manner of our deaths?

You might also be interested in: The lady who made us look death in the eyes was a torturer.

‘Beating heart corpses’ suffer a horrible end in this world.

As early as the 1980s, psychologists became increasingly interested in how we cope with the potentially overwhelming anxiety and dread that comes with the realization that we are nothing more than “breathing, defecating, self-conscious pieces of meat that can die at any time,” in the words of Sheldon Solomon, a psychology professor at Skidmore College in New York State.

  1. After conducting more than 1,000 peer-reviewed tests, researchers have shown that when people are reminded that they will die, they adhere even more tightly to their basic cultural ideas and work more to improve their sense of self-worth.
  2. It just takes a 42.8 millisecond flash of the word “death” on a computer screen, or a conversation that takes place within earshot of a funeral home, to cause a person to shift their way of thinking.
  3. Society may – and probably would – become even more racist, xenophobic, violent, war-mongering, self-harming, and ecologically damaging if everyone suddenly learned the date and means of their own mortality, as it now is.
  4. Researchers like as Solomon believe that, by becoming more aware of the wide range of negative consequences that death fear may cause, we will be able to prevent or mitigate these consequences.
  5. Buddhist monks in South Korea, for example, do not react in this way when confronted with death reminders.
  6. It is under this situation that individuals become more altruistic, and they are more eager to donate blood, regardless of whether or not the society has a pressing need for it.
  7. On the basis of these findings, knowing out when we will die may cause us to concentrate more on our own objectives and social relationships, rather than reacting with knee-jerk insularity.
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Informed about the scarcity of life, people are more likely to cherish their own lives and to feel that “we’re all in the same boat,” which promotes tolerance and compassion while decreasing defensive responses.

Our reactions would be influenced by our own personalities as well as the particular of the great event.

According to Feudtner, individuals in palliative care frequently go through two stages of thinking.

After then, they think about how they may make the most of the time they have left to themselves.

Alternatively, individuals can choose to reflect on their life and spend as much time as possible with loved ones doing activities that bring them enjoyment, or they can choose to devote their entire energy and attention to attempting to battle the sickness as effectively as possible.

(Photo courtesy of Getty Images) Under the hypothetical death date situation, the same procedures would very certainly take place.

People will be traveling in these two opposite ways as the clock’s countdown gets too near for comfort, according to the author of the book.

An individual who believes they are doomed to drown may devote countless hours to improving their swimming skills in order to have a better chance of survival, whereas an individual who believes they are doomed to die in a traffic accident may make a conscious decision to avoid vehicles at all costs.

  • They would be able to have some influence over the process if they did so.
  • Some people may respond by pushing themselves to greater levels of creative achievement.
  • The energizing effect of this would be to encourage people to make the most of their remaining time, achieving greater heights of artistic, social, scientific, and entrepreneurial success than they otherwise would have been able to attain.
  • Even trauma survivors have reported that having a feeling of how little time we have left might encourage them to enhance their own health and well-being.
  • “They claim to be stronger, more spiritual, to see more positive possibilities, and to have a greater appreciation for life,” Blackie explains.
  • (Photo courtesy of Getty Images) ) Not everyone, on the other hand, would achieve their full potential.
  • If you knew you were going to die next June, would you be writing this column, asks Caitlin Doughty, a mortician, novelist and creator of the Order of the Good Death, an acceptance collective for those who have accepted their death?
  • If death is predetermined to occur at a specific moment regardless of circumstances, For Doughty, eating organic food is no longer a priority, and drinking normal Coke instead of Diet Coke is an option.
  • “So much of our civilization is based on avoiding death and preserving law and order in order to keep death at bay,” says the author.

) Although the vast majority of people are hyper-motivated, Solomon believes that the vast majority are also nihilistic, choosing one week to “sit at home and spray Cheez Whiz on crackers with a 30-pack and watch another Law and Order on Netflix” and the next week to “go volunteer at the soup kitchen.” No matter where we were on that spectrum, even the most educated among us – especially as our death date drew closer – would periodically descend into “a quivering wreck,” as Shakespeare put it.

As Feudtner points out, “change may be difficult.” “We’re talking about the most significant change that can occur in an individual’s life – the transition from being alive to no longer being alive.” Disruption of religious practices We would all have a radically different way of life if we knew exactly when and how we were going to die.

  1. Many more people might benefit from treatment, which would lead to the development of specialized death-related subfields.
  2. Religions would be shattered to their foundations (Credit: Nappy.co) Existing religions would also be shattered to their very cores.
  3. Is it appropriate for us to begin to revere this system that predicts our demise?
  4. “Do we give our virginal girls away?” Doughty expresses himself.
  5. A necessity for many would be to find someone whose death date was near to their own, and dating applications built to screen for individuals in one’s cohort would make this chore easier.
  6. John Doughty.
  7. Others, who are aware that they will not live past a certain age, may choose not to have children at all, or they may choose the reverse, having as many children as possible as fast as they are able to reproduce.

It is possible that legislation will be drafted around death date privacy in order to prevent discrimination against employers and service providers, according to Rose Eveleth, creator and producer of the podcastFlash Forward (an episode of which explored a similar hypothetical death date scenario), Public figures, on the other hand, may be compelled to disclose their candidacy dates prior to running for office in certain jurisdictions (or may cause a furore byrefusing to do so).

  1. When a presidential candidate dies three days after taking office, Eveleth points out that it is significant to the election outcome.
  2. Another major implication is that the funeral business would shift its focus away from serving the deceased and toward serving their surviving loved ones.
  3. On the actual day of the event, some individuals may host carefully crafted parties, just like those who have chosen to undergo humane euthanasia are beginning to do in the real world.
  4. Others, according to Eveleth, may choose to utilize their deaths for a greater creative or personal goal, such as participating in a play in which everyone dies at the end or staging a literaldie-in for a cause they believe in.
  5. “Death and the notion of death have played a significant role in the development of human civilization,” writes Doughty.
  6. We sincerely apologize for the error.

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DABDA: The 5 Stages of Coping With Death

Kübler-Ross initially articulated the five phases of coping with death (DABDA) in her seminal work, “On Death and Dying,” which was published in 1969. After learning that they (or a loved one) is dying, the phases of shock (or denial) that they go through are described, and the stages of acceptance that follow are described as well. While each individual experiencing disease, death, or loss will experience these phases in a unique way, and most people will not experience them in a sequential manner, they are useful in defining some of the emotions that accompany these life-altering experiences.

Stages of Coping

The DABDA phases are comprised of the following elements: A life-threatening sickness or life-altering scenario is represented by the five stages of the Kübler-Ross stage model, which is the most well-known explanation of the emotional and psychological responses that many individuals have when confronted with such a situation. The phases of grief are applicable not only to death, but to any life-changing event that results in a deep sense of loss, such as a divorce, the loss of a career, or the loss of a house.

The Coping Process

The stages are not intended to be exhaustive or chronological in nature. Each of the five answers will not be felt by everyone who encounters a life-threatening or life-changing incident, nor will each of the responses be felt by everyone who experiences them in the sequence that is listed. The reactions to disease, death, and loss are as individual as the people who are experiencing them. In her book, Kübler-Ross explains this notion of coping in a linear form, which means that a person progresses through one stage before moving on to the next.

It’s also worth noting that the way a person has dealt with hardship in the past will have an impact on how they will deal with a terminal disease diagnosis in the future.

Rage is also a powerful coping mechanism, and a guy who utilizes it to deal with unpleasant events may find himself stuck in the anger stage of coping.

Denial

We all want to think that nothing awful will ever happen to us or to our loved ones. We could even get the impression that we are immortal in our minds. Following the diagnosis of a fatal disease, it is usual for a person to go into a state of denial and seclusion, which is quite normal. They may completely disagree with what the doctor is telling them and seek second and third opinions from other doctors. Alternatively, they may request a fresh series of tests if they believe that the results of the previous set were incorrect.

  • When suffering from depression, it is normal for people to distance themselves from family and friends, or to purposefully avoid addressing the tragedy or event that has occurred.
  • This stage of denial is generally only temporary in nature.
  • When the patient is ready, he or she can be released from isolation and continue medical therapy.
  • Extended denial isn’t necessarily a bad thing, and it doesn’t always result in more suffering for the individual.

We may be under the impression that people must find a method to embrace their death in order to be able to die quietly at some point. Those of us who have witnessed somebody hold on to their denial until the very end know that this is not always the case.

Anger

A person who has accepted the truth of a fatal diagnosis may begin to wonder, “Why me?” when the reality of the situation sinks in. It is natural for people to become angry and frustrated when they realize that all of their aspirations, goals, and carefully prepared plans are not going to come true. Unfortunately, this rage is frequently focused against the rest of the world and individuals at random. Angry sentiments are unleashed during this stage, and they are aimed towards anybody who gets in the way.

Doctors and nurses are screamed at at the hospital; family members are received with a lack of excitement and are frequently subjected to outbursts of fury from other patients.

It is critical to recognize the source of this rage.

According to the book “According to Kübler-Ross’ “On Death and Dying,” this fury may manifest itself as follows: “He will raise his voice, he will make demands, he will protest and seek to be paid attention, possibly as the last loud shout, ‘I am alive, don’t forget that.'” My voice can be heard clearly.

For the second time, though, some people will remain enraged for the duration of the disease.

Bargaining

Denial and rage fail to produce the desired result, in this case a misdiagnosis or miraculous treatment, and many individuals turn to bargaining for a solution. At some time in our lives, almost all of us have tried our hand at negotiating. Early on, children learn that becoming upset with Mom when she says “no” does not work, but that attempting a different approach could work better in certain cases. Many individuals who are dying have the opportunity to reassess their anger and begin the process of negotiating with their parents, just as a kid has the opportunity to do so with his or her parents.

If their higher power will just cure them of their ailment, they may pledge to live a decent life, aid the poor, never lie again, or any number of other “good” actions in exchange for healing from their illness.

It is possible that they will attempt to bargain for more time by saying things like, “If only I can live long enough to see my daughter get married.” or “If only I could ride my motorcycle one more time.” Bargaining is the stage in which one holds on to an illogical hope despite the fact that the facts indicate otherwise.

When they hope to have their wish granted, they are implying that they will not ask for anything else in exchange for it. The majority of people who reach this stage rapidly find that negotiating does not work and ultimately move on to the next stage, which is generally depression.

Depression

When it becomes evident that a fatal illness will be with them for the foreseeable future, many people suffer from depression. For example, the increased load of operations, therapies, and physical symptoms of sickness, among other things, make it difficult for some people to maintain their composure or maintain a stoic demeanor. Depression may then set in as a result of this. According to Kübler-Ross, there are two forms of depression that might occur during this period. When someone suffers from the first depression, which she labeled “reactive depression,” they are reacting to present and previous losses.

  • The children are being looked after by a family member out of town since her husband has been left without assistance in caring for their three children while she is sick.
  • The woman feels a tremendous feeling of loss with each one of these incidents and slides into melancholy.
  • This is the stage in which one must come to terms with the inevitable loss of everything and everyone they care about in the future.
  • Depression is seen as the stage during which acceptance is most unlikely to happen.
  • It may take some time for those sensations to go away, during which time a person may experience relapses into depression.
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Acceptance

The stage of acceptance is the one in which the majority of individuals would want to remain when they pass away. It is a state of tranquil acceptance that death will occur as well as a state of quiet expectancy of death’s coming. If a person is fortunate enough to reach this stage, dying is frequently a peaceful experience. People who have achieved acceptance have often given themselves permission to express their emotions such as loss, regret, rage, and depression without feeling judged. They are able to analyze their feelings and come to grips with their “new reality” as a result of doing so.

The individual has also had the opportunity to lament the death of so many key persons and things that have meant a great deal to them.

Others who are unable to go from one stage to another—for example, the guy who remains enraged at the world until his death—may likewise never be able to feel the calm of acceptance.

For those who are fortunate enough to come to terms with their mortality, the penultimate stage before dying is generally spent in solitary contemplation as they turn within to prepare for their final departure.

The Stages in the Dying Process

Return to the PHI 350 Home PageI) Detailed Description of the Presentation Approaches such as Kubler-Ross and others Baxter Jennings is a fictional character created by author Baxter Jennings. Charlene Gemmill is a woman who makes jewelry. Brandie Bohman is a model and actress. Kristin Lamb is a writer who lives in New York City. Introduction Our lecture will cover a variety of alternative theoretical theories of the dying process, with Kubler-Ross being the most well-known of them. Many people are uncomfortable talking to and dealing with someone who is dying, and this is understandable.

The study of the Kubler-Ross theory and other approaches to the dying process can assist us in becoming more comfortable by enhancing our comprehension of the process and providing insight into the perspective of the dying individual.

Following a brief video introduction, we will discuss the Kubler-Ross stage theory, as well as critiques of Kubler-Ross and stage theories in general, as well as various theoretical models and frameworks.

  • Retour à la page d’accueil du PHI 350I) the presentation’s description Other Approaches, such as Kubler-Ross Jennings, Baxter Baxter Baxter Baxter Baxter Baxter Baxter Charming Charlene Gemmill (Charlene Gemmill) Brandie Bohman is a model and actress who was born in the state of New Hampshire. Kim Lamb is a writer who lives in New York City. Introduction Our lecture will cover a variety of alternative theoretical models of the dying process, with Kubler-Ross being the most well-known of these theories. Talking with and communicating with someone who is dying can be a difficult experience for many. Part of the reason for this is that we have no means of comprehending their point of view or what they are going through psychologically, emotionally, and spiritually when they speak. The study of the Kubler-Ross theory and other approaches to the dying process can assist us in becoming more comfortable with the process by enhancing our comprehension and providing insight into the perspective of the dying individual. Hopefully, this will serve as a starting point for improving communication and contact with a dying person in their final days. Following a brief video introduction, we will discuss the Kubler-Ross stage theory, as well as criticisms of Kubler-Ross and stage theories in general, as well as various theoretical models and theories of change. a series of excerpts from the film My Life that serve to demonstrate and offer actual instances of the theoretical stages that will be discussed later A theory developed by Dr. Elizabeth Kubler-Ross
  • Stage Theory: As a result of her study, Kubler-Ross saw a pattern that she represented in the form of stages. These stages begin as soon as the patient becomes aware that he or she has a fatal illness. However, while Kubler-Ross thought that this was universally true, there is a great deal of opportunity for individual variety. Not everyone passes through each step, and the sequence in which they are completed may varies from person to person.

1. In some form or another, denial and isolation are used by virtually all patients. It is a normal and brief reaction to receiving unpleasant news, although it can last longer. Isolation occurs as a result of others, including family members, avoiding the person who is dying. This stage can be re-entered when new changes occur or when the individual thinks they are no longer able to cope. Other people don’t seem to care, and they are enjoying life while the dying person is experiencing pain.-Envy of other people: Other people don’t seem to care, and they are enjoying life while the dying person is experiencing pain.-Anger at God: “Why me?” Feeling that others are more deserving.

The stage of bargaining is brief, but difficult to examine since it is typically between the patient and God.-If God does not respond to wrath, perhaps being “good” would be effective.-Attempts to postpone: “If only I could live to see.”4.

-Preparatory depression (losses still to come): reliance on family, etc.5.

If someone battles to the very end, they will not reach this level. It takes a long time to achieve this stage. It consists in essentially giving up and accepting the fact that death is unavoidable.

  • Throughout the process, hope is a vital factor to consider. It is possible for someone’s hope to carry them through terrible situations.

Kubler-Ross is subjected to a number of criticisms.

  • Kubler-critics Ross’s include

Models Theoretically Supplementary

  • Charles A Corr is a social psychologist and contemporary researcher who aspires to assist caretakers, researchers, and educators in moving beyond the boundaries of the stage theory of development.

Charles A Corr is a social psychologist and contemporary researcher who aspires to assist carers, researchers, and educators in moving beyond the constraints of the stage theory of care.

  • People’s individual coping techniques: According to his approach, “people may experiment with various coping tactics only to find that they are ineffective.” Furthermore, even though two or more techniques are incompatible, a person can pursue them all at the same time provided they are not mutually exclusive. People differ in terms of the duties and requirements that are essential to them, as well as in terms of their coping mechanisms. Most significantly, Corr emphasizes that the model must recognize the uniqueness of each person. The necessity of increasing patient empowerment is discussed by Corr, who emphasizes the importance of more empowerment for both terminally ill patients and those who provide care for them in their final days. The recognition that a dying person is still a live person who can cope with the strains of the sickness is necessary in order to achieve this goal. Practical suggestions for carers include the following: In order for the caregiver to increase their ability to deal with the challenges, anxieties, and concerns that arise when caring for a dying person
  • Debbie Messer Zlatin: She shifted the emphasis away from how the observer cope with the dying process and attempted to understand how the dying person understands his or her own reality.
  • Taking the focus away from how the observer cope with the dying process, Debbie Messer Zlatin sought to understand how the dying person understands his or her own reality.
  • In the discipline of social psychology, William McDougall was a researcher and the field’s pioneer. As a result of his own terminal sickness, he kept a journal and took an intellectual approach to the situation.
  • It was a balancing act for him, balancing the desire to prevent increased pain with the need to be attentive and cognitively healthy. The upshot was that the final few weeks of his life were consumed by this clash
  • He discovered that the times when his intellect was most inspired were also the times when his agony was at its most extreme. Consequently, he did not see himself to be defeated
  • McDougall did not focus on his emotions, nor did he attempt to compile a list of growth activities. His effort was instead to use his abilities and expertise to integrate death and dying into his understanding of himself and his world
  • This approach, which is individual-centered, emphasizes the importance of personal uniqueness.

There are five major points to consider. 1. According to the Kubler-Ross theory, the phases of denial, anger, bargaining, depression, and acceptance are all present. 2. Social psychologists have recently begun to express increasing reservations about the Kubler-Ross theory. 3. Individual empowerment, as well as rules for caretakers, are important aspects of Corr’s paradigm. 4. In the dying process, Zlatin’s theory takes use of what she refers to as “life themes,” which she defines as “themes from one’s own life.” A person’s ability to cope with imminent death will be determined by the sum of his or her experience as well as his or her unique personality and life events.


Self-Evaluation

The presentation went quite well, and the students’ reactions were overwhelmingly favorable. The majority of viewers expressed delight in the video, and in particular in the fact that the group was not only reading stuff but was also presenting it. A few people urged that we not utilize Power Point, while others stated that the multimedia approach worked well and that we should continue. As a whole, the students seemed to find it to be clear, instructive and fascinating, and they had few ideas for improvement.

Charlene conducted her study on the Kubler-Ross hypothesis by reading On Death and Dying by Elizabeth Kubler-Ross (Kastenbaum, pp.111-112) and Kastenbaum, p.111-112.

Brandie researched critiques of Kubler-Ross utilizing Kastenbaum p.112-114, the Internet, and encyclopedia searches on disk to find relevant information.

What Are the Stages of Dying? – Overview of Kubler-Ross’s 5 Stages – Video & Lesson Transcript

The denial stage in the Kubler-Ross paradigm is the first step. Initial (and most typical) emotional response to the awareness of approaching death occurs at this stage, and this includes denial. ‘No, not me,’ remark those who are in this stage. It can’t possibly be!’ According to Kubler-Ross, denial is used as a defense technique to protect the individual. Denying the impending doom might assist to relieve tension and frightening thoughts. Consider the following scenario: A cancer patient may be adamant that the test findings are erroneous, or he may feel invincible and confident about his ability to surpass the odds of survival.

  1. Close family members and acquaintances may also be affected by denial in some cases.
  2. It is possible for the dying individual to get extremely enraged after accepting that the diagnosis is accurate.
  3. ‘Why me?’ the individual may inquire.
  4. For example, Kubler-Ross advocated that doctors and loved ones should not respond to the fury of the dying person with avoidance or back anger, but should instead provide support instead.
  5. This stage of the dying process may include the dying individual attempting to bargain with medical professionals, family members, and even God.
  6. The individual may attempt to negotiate for a cure, additional time with family, or less discomfort.
  7. As the dying person comes to terms with the fact that death is imminent and that he or she has nothing left to trade with, he or she may experience depression.
  8. Acceptance is the ultimate stage of the process.

Kubler-Ross referred to this era as a period of quiet and tranquility in her writings. If the dying person has been able to go through the many stages of grief, they may have reached a place of reflection and acceptance of the end of their struggle with cancer.

Lifetime Risk of Developing or Dying From Cancer

The lifetime risk of developing or dying from cancer refers to the possibility that a person has of being diagnosed with or dying from cancer over the course of his or her whole life (from birth to death). These cancer risk estimates are one method of determining the extent to which cancer is prevalent in the United States. The lifetime chances of getting and dying from certain malignancies for men and women in the United States are listed in the tables below. Based on incidence and death statistics for the United States from 2014 through 2016, the National Cancer Institute’s Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database was used to compile this report.

The risk is stated in two ways: as a percentage and as a chance of occurring.

  • Generally speaking, the lifetime risk of getting or dying from cancer refers to the likelihood that a person will be diagnosed with or die from cancer over the course of his or her whole life (from birth to death). In the United States, these risk estimates are one method of determining the extent to which cancer has spread. Women and men living in the United States have different lifetime chances of getting and dying from various malignancies. Based on incidence and mortality statistics for the United States from 2014 through 2016, the National Cancer Institute’s Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database was used to compile this report. The most recent years for which data are available are 2014 and 2016. The risk is stated in two ways: as a percentage and as a chance of happening.

These figures represent average hazards for the whole population of the United States. The likelihood of you developing a health problem may be higher or lower than these figures, depending on your specific risk factors.

Males

Risk of developing Risk of dying from
% 1 in % 1 in
All invasive sites 40.14 2 21.34 5
Bladder (includes in situ) 3.86 26 0.93 108
Brain and nervous system 0.69 145 0.53 189
Breast 0.13 769 0.03 3,333
Colon and rectum 4.41 23 1.83 55
Esophagus 0.80 125 0.76 132
Hodgkin lymphoma 0.24 417 0.04 2,500
Kidney and renal pelvis 2.16 46 0.60 167
Larynx (voice box) 0.53 189 0.19 526
Leukemia 1.86 54 0.96 104
Liver and bile duct 1.44 69 1.02 98
Lung and bronchus 6.70 15 5.49 18
Melanoma of the skin 2.77 36 0.39 256
Multiple myeloma 0.93 108 0.47 213
Non-Hodgkin lymphoma 2.43 41 0.81 123
Oral cavity and pharynx 1.66 60 0.42 238
Pancreas 1.66 60 1.39 72
Prostate 11.60 9 2.44 41
Stomach 1.07 93 0.45 222
Testicles 0.40 250 0.02 5,000
Thyroid 0.70 143 0.06 1,667

Females

Risk of developing Risk of dying from
% 1 in % 1 in
All invasive sites 38.70 3 18.33 5
Bladder (includes in situ) 1.18 85 0.35 286
Brain and nervous system 0.55 182 0.42 238
Breast 12.83 8 2.57 39
Cervix 0.63 159 0.22 455
Colon and rectum 4.08 25 1.68 60
Esophagus 0.24 417 0.20 500
Hodgkin lymphoma 0.20 500 0.03 3,333
Kidney and renal pelvis 1.23 81 0.33 303
Larynx (voice box) 0.13 769 0.05 2,000
Leukemia 1.29 78 0.68 147
Liver and bile duct 0.62 161 0.54 185
Lung and bronchus 6.05 17 4.50 22
Melanoma of the skin 1.79 56 0.19 526
Multiple myeloma 0.71 141 0.38 263
Non-Hodgkin lymphoma 1.93 52 0.64 156
Oral cavity and pharynx 0.71 141 0.19 526
Ovary 1.25 80 0.88 114
Pancreas 1.60 63 1.35 74
Stomach 0.66 152 0.30 333
Thyroid 1.93 52 0.07 1,429
Uterus 3.07 33 0.63 159

The medical information provided by the American Cancer Society is protected by intellectual property rights. Please refer to our Content Usage Policy for information on reprint requests.

Talking to someone with a terminal illness about death

Please keep in mind that this material is intended for healthcare professionals only. In addition, we have information for the general public. This page may be used to reflect on how this page has assisted you with your continuous professional development by filling out our My Learning form. Talking about death can assist someone suffering from a terminal disease in expressing their anxieties and fears, as well as in making arrangements for the things that are essential to them. It is likely to elicit difficult feelings in both you and the person who is dying, but there are steps you can take to make the talk more comfortable and meaningful for both of you.

Why is it important to talk about dying?

Talking about death or dying can elicit a variety of unpleasant ideas and sentiments, which is why many people choose to avoid the subject altogether. However, discussing death with someone who is suffering from a terminal disease may be extremely beneficial for them at any stage of their condition. It can assist them in the following ways:

  • Express their concerns and fears – talking about them with someone else can help to reduce distress and anxiety
  • Learn more about their illness and what is going to happen to them – this can help to reduce anxiety and help them make decisions about their treatment and care
  • Make decisions about practical matters such as making a Will or making funeral arrangements – this can help them feel more in control and can benefit those who are important to them
  • And seek professional help if they need it.

It’s quite OK to avoid talking about death from time to time. Some people, and civilizations, would prefer not to discuss it at all. If you choose to, you may still let them know that you are available to speak with them if they so desire in the future.

Starting the conversation

It might be tough to know where to begin a discussion with someone. It may be beneficial to ask the individual questions such as the following:

  • Describe what would be essential to you if you were to grow even more ill. Have you given any consideration to what you would like to happen during your funeral
  • If you were to get increasingly ill, who would you want to be in your immediate vicinity?

It’s possible that the individual will open up to you and initiate the discussion. Some people will raise straightforward inquiries, while others will begin to speak about death in a less evident manner.

Recognize subtle indications that they might want to talk to you about dying. Be on the lookout for these clues. It might be something they’ve mentioned once or several times. In this case, they may say something like:

  • Do you believe in the existence of a god? What happens to us once we die
  • Leaving my daughter behind is something I’m concerned about. What will my partner’s reaction be
  • I hope I could see my friend one last time before she passes away. I don’t seem to be getting any better, do I?

You may start the conversation by asking something like: “You said ‘X,’ is it anything that’s on your mind?” or something along those lines.

Listening well

Our body language and tone of voice, as well as the words we use, are important ways in which we communicate. You may use your body language to help others feel more comfortable and to demonstrate that you are paying attention, for example, by saying:

  • If at all feasible, sit on the same level as the individual. Rather than standing over them when they’re in bed, sit on a chair next to them. Remove any obstacles that stand in your way. Don’t sit on opposite sides of a table from one another. Make use of open positions, such as resting your hands on your thighs rather than crossing your arms, to relieve stress. Don’t forget to give them your entire attention. Nodding and leaning in toward them might demonstrate that you are paying attention. You can be kind and cheerful, but keep in mind that you are addressing important issues.

Listening effectively also entails making certain that you comprehend what the other person is feeling. There are a variety of ways you may employ to assist, including:

  • Experimenting with clues — for example, if someone indicates they are anxious, you may ask, “Can you tell me more about how that feels?” Check that you understand what they’ve said — for example, if they say: ‘I’m scared about what’s going to happen next,’ double-check that you understand what they’ve said. You may say something like: ‘You mentioned that you’re concerned about what’s going to happen next
  • What kinds of things are you concerned about?’ Summarizing the conversation – at the conclusion of the conversation, summarize what you have heard and ask the other person if there is anything you have missed.

Film: What matters to me

Patients who ask themselves the question “what matters to me” might better prepare for the future and make decisions about the type of treatment they want to get. Take a look at this video to learn more about how having dialogues about the future may make a difference, and how having these conversations can help you provide better care for your patients. There’s also advice on how to initiate these kind of interactions on the website.

Giving information

Typically, the person’s doctor or a specialized nurse will provide them with information regarding their disease and treatment. However, regardless of your position, you will be required to provide information or explain anything to a patient at some point. These strategies might assist the individual in comprehending what you are saying:

  • Check to see what information the individual already has
  • Provide just modest quantities of information at a time, as needed. Keep jargon to a minimum. Prevent using euphemisms since they might lead to misunderstanding — instead of saying ‘passing away, use ‘dying,’ for example
  • If someone asks for more information, avoid going into depth about what you’re saying. Examine their understanding to see how far they’ve come. Observe how they feel after the chat – for example, you may say: ‘Was that a lot of information? How do you feel about it?’

Inquire about any prior knowledge the individual may have; Providing very tiny quantities of information at a time is recommended. Keep jargon to a minimum; When possible, avoid using euphemisms because they might lead to misunderstanding — for example, state ‘dying’ instead than ‘passing away’. If someone asks for further information, avoid going into depth about the subject. Assess their level of comprehension. Ask them how they feel after the chat — for example, you may say: ‘That was a lot of information, how are you feeling about it now?’;

Telling someone that they’re going to die

When someone appears to be entering their last days of life, a healthcare provider should inform the patient that they are dying (unless the patient expresses a desire not to be informed). In this section, you’ll find additional information about informing someone that they’re going to be killed. An competent healthcare expert who is confident and experienced in dealing with this situation and who has developed a positive relationship with the individual is the most appropriate person to speak to them and their loved ones.

Denial

A person suffering from a terminal disease may be in denial about the fact that they are about to die. In many cases, denial is a reasonable reaction, and it may be an important part of their journey toward accepting their disease. You should avoid pressuring them into accepting that they are going to die before they are ready to do so. Often, they will accept it when the moment is right for them. It is possible that they may benefit from meeting with a counselor or psychologist.

What other support is available?

You can suggest that if someone has questions regarding their disease that you are unable to answer, they talk with their doctor or a specialized nurse who can help them. In the event that they are upset or frightened about dying, chatting with a psychologist or therapist can assist them in exploring their thoughts and feelings and identifying strategies for dealing with these emotions.

They may also desire to consult with a chaplain, spiritual counselor, or religious leader in order to address spiritual concerns. A social worker can assist with both practical difficulties such as finances and emotional issues such as depression and anxiety.

Taking care of yourself

Bringing up the subject of death might be difficult for you, as well. It may bring up recollections of persons who have passed away or who have been important in your own life. However, if your emotions are interfering with your career or personal life, it is advisable to seek professional assistance. It might be beneficial to discuss your concerns with your management or other coworkers. If you believe you want more assistance, you may wish to consult with a counselor or psychologist. Talking about death is a talent that can be learnt and honed with practice.

Inquire with your boss whether there are any communication skills training classes you may take.

Useful resources

Care of dying persons in their final days of life: a clinical guideline from the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence The Royal College of Nursing has issued the following guidance: When someone begs for your aid in dying, you must comply.

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